Appropriate physical preparation for the type of activity to be undertaken.
Being in good physical shape is the best way of preventing injury; people who are below this level are more likely to suffer an injury.
Warm up correctly in a manner designed to prepare your body for physical activity.
Warming up means exercising the muscles for a few minutes in a relaxed manner before making any intensive effort. Exercising gently for between 3 and 10 minutes warms the muscles sufficiently to make them more flexible and resistant to injury.
Stretch correctly before and after exercising
Stretching exercises extend the muscles, thus allowing them to contract more efficiently and to work better. To prevent muscle damage during stretching, this must only be performed after warming up or exercising. Each stretch should be sufficiently comfortable to allow you to count to 10.
Take into account the physical space available and the surface in order to avoid knocks and accidents due to the state of the floor. Take note of the temperature as well, avoiding very hot or very cold times of day.
Use suitable material and equipment (clothing, footwear etc., with particular emphasis on protective elements).
Maintain good postural hygiene at all times
Postural hygiene has important repercussions on the predisposition, triggering and worsening of bodily alterations and injuries.
Undergo a health check-up before participating in any sport.
Follow a healthy lifestyle (correct food and fluid intake, avoid harmful substances, rest, etc.).
Stop physical activity if you feel symptoms of pain or fatigue.
It is very important to allow those parts of the body that may become overloaded by physical effort to rest.
Amongst the factors mentioned above, we would like to highlight the use of support-type protective elements (knee, elbow, ankle and back supports, etc.). These support elements correct, or make it easier for a person to perform, an action, activity or movement, helping to save energy and improve safety. They also protect the joints, prevent injury and help an injured person take up physical activity again. They also prevent sporting injuries, especially in situations of muscle atrophy and overload.